If you are tired of regular medical treatments and looking to shift towards more of herbal and traditional drugs, you must have come across the Kratom plant as a potent pain reliever. Kratom is a mystical and more so, miraculous botanical that has been popular not only as an analgesic, but as an anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant, mood stabilizer, and whatnot.
Kratom Plant Overview
The Kratom plant is known to be originated in Southeast Asia and is naturally grown in the deep rainforests of countries like Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam, and other neighboring countries.
If you want to know more about the Kratom plant, you are absolutely in the right place. Here is all you need to know about this amazing plant.
History Of Mitragynine Speciosa
Although not much is known about Kratom -scientifically known as Mitragynine Speciosa- is considered native to Southeast Asia. Belonging to the coffee family, Kratom has been a decades-old herbal plant. Used by workers and farmers of local tribes to relieve common ailments and fatigue, it has shaped as a beneficial botanical in the history of herbal medicine. Because of the bitter taste, the locals used it by either chewing, smoking or brewing it as a tea.
It is a known fact that in low doses, Kratom is used as a stimulant. While in high doses, it acts as a potent analgesic by mimicking its effect as opiates. In the 19th century, the Kratom plant was first documented as a cheaper opiate substitute when Peter Willem Korthals discussed its common usage in place of opium. Later, it was also written as an effective agent to help get rid of opium addiction.
It has led to prove that even though not much has been known about this drug even now, Kratom has always been recognized as a particularly useful drug. Since the start of the 21st century, Kratom has become even more popular -such that now more than 16 million people use Kratom in the US alone.
All The Interesting Facts About Kratom Plant
Although Kratom as a drug is quite mysterious and there is still a lot new to discover about it. The Kratom tree is similarly interesting. Not only it is straightforward to grow, but it also appears as a normal plant. If we were to talk about the size of the Kratom plant, it appears somewhat on the border of a shrub and tree. The average height of a completely mature Kratom plant is 20 feet -though, few are known to reach as high as 100 feet.
- Kratom leaves are usually dark green.
- The length of the Kratom leaves is 7 inches and the width is 4 inches.
- The Kratom flowers grow in clusters.
- The bunched shaped and dark yellow of Kratom flower is characteristic.
Cultivating Kratom Plant At Home
To be honest, people usually don’t care about the specifics about the Kratom plant. All they care about are the benefits of Kratom as a botanical drug and to enjoy it, either they buy Kratom powder, capsules, or some wild ones decide to grow their own Kratom plant. Although growing your Kratom isn’t an easy way to go about -compared to buying the ready-made Kratom powder or capsules, it is still not very difficult.
Kratom plant is naturally grown in tropical and humid regions. To grow them in colder or non-tropical places, it is essential to contain them in appropriate sized pots for protection purposes. However, this renders the plant to be small-sized due to the containment, which can be considered a good thing for a house plant. Further, you can also place the plant outdoors in warmer seasons of summer and spring, and just when the temperature starts to fall, you can bring it inside to protect it from the cold winds.
Here is a detailed guide on how you can grow the Kratom plant at home:
Using Kratom Seeds Or Cuttings To Grow Kratom Plant
There are two ways to start growing Kratom plant. Either you buy fresh small Kratom seeds or use cuttings to grow. Whichever method you choose, nonetheless, there are relatively very low success rates by both. Fresh and large numbers of seeds are usually needed to find even one seed that is able to grow the Kratom plant. Further, it’s hard to find viable seeds, thanks to the fact that they don’t remain active much longer after they are harvested. Also, seeds are directly imported from Asian countries, which adds another reason to the failure of Kratom plant growth. Not only that but there are no good chances with cuttings too -because of fungal infestation and harsh environmental conditions.
To cultivate the plant, you have to fill the pot with peat moss or good quality growing medium and placing cutting in the moistened pot. After this, you have to cover the pot in a plastic bag. Make sure to avoid the direct exposure of sunlight -at least until roots start to grow out. You should air the seeds to allow it to adjust to humidity levels. After some time, you can take out the plant and put it in a proper pot for further growth.
Best Pot Size And Soil For Growing Kratom Plant
Small pots are considered better for optimal growth. However, it’s always best if you have a large pot for the cultivation of Kratom plant -because bigger the pot, larger will be the space for the plant to grow. Moreover, it will not only allow the plant to spread out, but the nutritional and water can also assimilate into the soil for longer periods. This will allow you to relax more and not care about the plant meticulously.
One good fact is that the Kratom plants don’t have an extensive list of nutritional requirements. Although they feed moderately, these plants need humid, fertile, and humus and nitrogen-rich soil for stable growth. You have to assure good drainage to make sure that the soil is moist enough, without having a lot of waterlogged insides. However, it is also absolutely a big no-no to dried up soil. While increased moisture can hasten the fungal growth, dried up soil can impede the growth of the plant. Remember, moderation is the key here.
Another important thing to keep in mind regarding soil is pH. The best pH for the Kratom plant to grow is 5.5-6.5. You can invest in a good pH testing tool to make sure that your soil stays within this range, as your plant can even die in extremely decreased or increased pH.
Does Kratom Plant Need HPS Lighting To Grow?
No. There is no such hard and fast rule that requires you to set up artificial or HPS lighting for your Kratom plant to grow. HPS lighting is indeed good for your plant. However, this is an addition, not a necessity. Nevertheless, you can still put your money to good use by buying some fluorescent lights because these are as good as any for Kratom plants. However, 24 hours light cycle is best for Kratom cultivation -though, it might cost you a lot.
Required Conditions For Optimal Kratom Plant Growth
Kratom needs a much warmer and humid environment due to its tropical nature. It’s best if the temperature of the area you plan to grow Kratom in is at 24-34 degrees Celsius. It is the lowest possible temperature for Kratom plant growth. Although you can work with greater than 34 degrees Celsius temperature too. Remember that any temperature lower than 10 degrees Celsius will cause your plant to die out.
Another important environmental condition you need to maintain is the humidity level. One good thing here is that the Kratom plant is much adaptable with humidity levels and you can keep your Kratom safe at lower humidity levels too for shorter periods. Howbeit, keeping the humidity level at 90% can prove to be a lot better for your Kratom plant.
Beware Of Fungus During Cultivation
As we have already established that Kratom plant needs good water quantity for growth, this increased moisture can render the plants to be a victim to fungus and molds. It is best if you buy a good natural fungicide to avoid fungal infestation and keep your precious Kratom plant safe.
Know Your Kratom Farmers
Kratom is a tropical plant grown best in warmer and humid weather conditions. Although due to extensive Kratom popularity, farmers in many countries -including the US- are trying to put in their hard work in growing Kratom, it is still best if you use natural Kratom imported from Southeast Asia. Make sure to learn all the whereabouts of your vendor, before you buy Kratom seeds or any other part of the Kratom plant.
Using Kratom Plant For Different Purposes
Well, one use we all know is to separate the leaves of the plants and ground it to powder for consumption. Kratom tea is generally used as an analgesic and fatigue reliever. Furthermore, Kratom leaves can also be smoked and chewed as a stimulant.
Even though people only use the flat part of Kratom leaves to make the herbal drug, the stem and veins of it are also much useful. You can use these usually discarded parts for increasing the impact time of Kratom and enhancing your immune system. Moreover, the stem and vein can also be used to increase Kratom tolerance.
Buying ready-to-use Kratom leaves or powder is always much easier. It not only allows you to get rid of hard work but you also always end up with good usable Kratom. Yet, growing Kratom at home is difficult not only because you have to manage the growing conditions -like pH, humidity, and temperature, but also because there is no surety that every seed will yield a Kratom plant.
Asad Khan is a Health Journalist and specializes in Science, Healthcare, and Environment from the Bonn-Rhein-Sieg University of Applied Sciences, Germany. He has experience of several years in writing especially on Cannabis, CBD, Kratom and other natural health supplements. As an author, Asad developed strong reporting skills and develop good stories related to mental illness, health disparities & health care. He has the passion for speaking about marijuana and other natural plants that are famous nowadays for their therapeutic effects.