The Kratom Tree is a mystical botanical that has been known to cure a variety of ailments. In general, herbal medicine has been a million years old go-to-solution to improve general health conditions. In fact, at times, it was the only way to go about it. Though, no matter how old it is, one fact that remains true is that herbal medicines are a big mystery to most people. Similar is the case of Kratom, also known as Mitragyna Speciosa.
Although considered as a drug, Kratom has made its name as a beneficial botanical for sure. People all over the world use it to treat chronic pain, inflammatory diseases, depression, insomnia, sexual dysfunction, and whatnot. Even though many research studies are being conducted on Kratom pharmacology and drug reactions, there is still much to know about it. Nevertheless, what is really known will be discussed in this article.
What is Kratom Tree?
Kratom is basically a deciduous evergreen tree that is grown in the tropical areas of Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, and its neighboring countries. Found in the heavy rainforest, Kratom is known to grow as high as 100 feet. However, on average Kratom Tree spans on a height of 4-9 meters and a width of 4-5 meters.
One interesting fact about the Kratom tree is its versatility. Depending upon the environmental conditions, it can either grow as an evergreen plant or as a deciduous. The erect stem of the tree extends into various branches that end with leaves and flowers.
Usually, the leaves are dark green in color while the flowers are bright yellow. Furthermore, flowers grow in clusters and are bunched shape.
History of the Kratom Tree
Originated in SouthEast Asia, Kratom has a long history spanning over the decades. This herbal plant was first documented in the 19th century when a Dutch scientist named Pieter Willem Korthals named it Mitragynine based on the shape of its stigma. The scientist also wrote about its various uses – including its function as an opium alternative. Kratom was found to be much cheaper in price than opiates like codeine and morphine, and this proved its worth as a potent painkiller.
Farmers and workers used Kratom to either chew it to produce stimulant effects or brewed Kratom tea to get rid of pain and fatigue. Also, it brings the energy up, along with mood alleviation. All of these benefits have made the Kratom tree super famous and now, these are grown on a larger scale for export purposes in South East Asian countries.
Types Of Kratom Trees
Every one of us can admit to the fact that variety brings the pleasure of choice -or maybe some confusion- in our lives. The good thing is that Kratom also comes in a variety of strains. This allows us to choose whichever type suits best to our needs and requirements.
There are mainly two methods of classifying Kratom. Either it is done on the basis of vein color or the region of the world it belongs to. Though, if you are concerned about which type to choose according to your symptoms, focusing more on vein colors is important. The reason is simple. It really doesn’t matter much, should your Kratom belong to a certain region or not, because it is still grown in the tropical region and i.e. southeast Asia.
Let’s dissect what each of these classifications entails:
On The Basis Of Vein Colors
This is the traditional way and it refers to the different veins of the Kratom, which are of three types: Red, white, and green.
Basically, the vein colors represent the stage of maturation at the time of harvest. The kratom tree is essentially the same. The time at which you choose the harvest is what differentiates these types.
The most mature leaves usually present in red-colored vein, while the youngest is in a vein of white color. Green is in the middle with a limited maturity present.
Now, the thing is that all three types contain different proportions of Alkaloids, which creates the main difference in effect. Red Vein Kratom, being the most mature, is the strongest and the most potent type for use. Hence, if you are looking for immediate strong effects, Red vein should be your main choice. While for milder symptoms, white vein Kratom will work just fine.
On The Basis Of Region
Kratom is mainly originated in Southeast Asia, and it is most commonly grown in three countries: Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Vietnam is another neighboring country that grows good quality Kratom. This makes Thai, Malay, Indo, and Vietnam the main Kratom strains based on the region.
Howbeit, it doesn’t only end here. There are further types based on the combination of two or more strains. These are named on the basis of the cities they were first originated in.
For instance, Bali is grown on an island of Indonesia and is a combination of Borneo and Sumatra Kratom. Of which; Borneo was first created in Malay Archipelago (both Indonesia and Malaysia) and Sumatra was first mixed in another Indonesian Island.
Exceptions: Maeng Kratom And Horned Kratom
There are two exceptions that don’t belong to a particular region but still have a different name.
Maeng Kratom, derived from the word pimp, is not actually a different strain of Kratom. Rather, it is a mixture of various strains of Kratom that are brought together to yield the most potent effects possible.
The other type is Horned Kratom that is named so because of its unique leaf shape.
Growing Your Own Kratom Tree
“Can we grow our own Kratom tree?”
This, usually, is one of the most asked questions.
Well, yes, you can.
Is it easy?
Growing your own Kratom might sound easy and convenient, but it’s definitely not. Still, we can’t say that it is so difficult that you should perish the thought entirely. Still, compared to simply buying ready mad Kratom and consuming it, growing your own Kratom seems like a tough job -especially when we follow the conditions of cultivating the Kratom tree.
Considerations To Grow Kratom From Seeds And Cuttings
To begin growing your own Kratom tree, first of all, you either need a seed or a live plant/ cutting. Though, be warned that it is not easy to grow Kratom from either.
For Kratom to be grown, seeds need to be completely fresh -which is a difficult feat from the start. Kratom seeds are imported from SouthEast Asia that can take a few days for the delivery to arrive. This equates to old seeds. Hence, it is essential that you invest more and get only fresh seeds from your supplier. Another important thing is that you will be needing a lot of fresh seeds. Planting at least 10 seeds might give you a Kratom tree. Nonetheless, planting more than 10 can assure you that a few seeds would sprout into Kratom plants.
For live cuttings, there aren’t any impressive rates of Kratom growth from cuttings -though, they are still more than seeds. Fungal infestation and different environmental conditions can render the live plant a failed growth.
All The Important Tips About Growing Kratom Tree
As we mentioned already, Kratom grows in the rainforests of tropical regions in Southeast Asia. To be able to grow it in a much different environment is going to be difficult, as you have to create a space that has similar environmental conditions as required for Kratom growth.
You should follow these tips given below to get a viable Kratom tree:
- Grow Kratom in a large pot. So, it has more space to expand and water can also retain for longer times.
- Make sure that your pot has a good drainage system, as waterlogged soil promotes fungus growth.
- Soil should be humus and nitrogen-rich, with a high level of humidity.
- The humidity of your soil should be around 90%.
- Maintain the pH of soil at 5.5-6.5.
- Kratom doesn’t need sunlight all the time. Make use of canopy to provide some shade during the day time.
- Kratom is grown in warmer areas. It’s better to invest in a fan that can produce a warm breeze. This will allow the efficient production of Alkaloids present in the Kratom leaves.
- Artificial lights are good for your Kratom tree. You can either use simple fluorescent lights or 24 hour light cycle for optimal cultivation of Kratom.
- The temperature of the area where you are growing Kratom should be maintained at 24-34 degrees Celsius.
- Kratom plants die at a temperature lower than 10 degrees Celsius. Hence, avoid this threshold at all costs.
- It is best if you grow Kratom indoors, i.e. out of the range of a direct light source.
Despite its legality being a huge rage in the US these days, buying Kratom is still continuously rising in popularity. Considering the side effects and addiction profile of opiates, people find Kratom a lot better, cheaper, and a convenient alternative.
From using Kratom to relieve pain due to chronic diseases to students consuming it to increase their concentration-time, this botanical has surely proved to be a beneficial. Though, one downside of Kratom usage is that not much is known about this herbal drug. Although research studies are being conducted, until it is proven as a useful herbal medicine there will be a huge distrust among the government bodies regarding Kratom tree.
Kaitlyn Day is a health and lifestyle blogger with more than 5 years of experience reporting on Kratom topics. She uses her expertise in botanical science to provide updated education to a variety of readers in the Kratom community. Kaitlyn has helped hundreds of people buy Kratom, providing her the opportunity to hear the many questions and concerns Kratom customers encounter every day. Kaitlyn uses her experiences with Mitragyna Speciosa to enhance the knowledge of new and experienced users alike.